BCAA supplements are incredibly popular. They deliver great muscular energy, help build muscle and help expedite your recovery from a hard workout. If you've ever taken a one of these supplements, you've experienced the benefits of leucine, one of three branched chain amino acids that make up the active ingredients of BCAA products.
Leucine is one of three branched chain amino acids. Often on BCAA supplement labels, you see a ratio such as "2:1:1" or "3:1:1". This indicates the ratio of the three BCAAs in that product: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. It is an essential amino acid and must therefore be ingested, as it is not naturally synthesized in our bodies. It can be found naturally in most dietary protein sources.
By stimulating protein synthesis in muscles, leucine supplementation helps promote muscle growth (hypertrophy). It also helps reduce and prevent muscle damaged by resistance training. decrease your recovery time caused by delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), which is why it is such a popular product for weightlifters.
You workout hard and are sore the next day. Resistance training and other forms of exercise increase the rate of protein degradation and tissue damage in your muscles. A side effect of this is a negative protein balance in your muscles and muscle soreness. Here comes leucine. In your body, you have what is called the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is a protein synthesis regulator. mTOR helps regulate cell growth, proliferation, survival, protein synthesis and transcription. Post workout, your serum levels of protein, specifically leucine are down. These low levels cause mTOR to deactivate because essentially there is not enough protein in your system to synthesize skeletal muscle protein and muscle growth. However, when leucine concentrations are positive, mTOR is activated and the anabolic process to build new skeletal muscle begins (hypertrophy). Therefore, by having higher concentrations available, your body recovers faster and skeletal muscle growth (hypertrophy) is stimulated.
Most studies show that around 16 mg of Leucine per kilogram of bodyweight is adequate, while others show that up to 45 mg per kilogram of bodyweight is necessary for those participating in high intensity exercise. Most BCAA featured products have anywhere from 1,500 mg to 4000 mg of leucine. It is recommended to take leucine in combination with the other two BCAAs isoleucine and valine. As leucine has the highest potential to stimulate muscle growth and recovery, most BCAA/recovery/protein products contain a 2:1:1 leucine to isoleucine to valine ratio or higher.
Taken in moderation, there are limited side effects. However, in high dosages, potential side effects can be hypoglycemia, ammonia accumulation and pellagra. As with all nutritional supplementation, we recommend consulting with a physician before taking any products.